Commercial Vehicle On-Board Safety Systems Roundtable
Various on-board safety systems for commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) have been developed and more innovative intelligent transportation system (ITS)-based solutions are being deployed, including crash-imminent braking, stability control, lane departure warning, driver drowsiness monitoring, etc. The need to identify, develop, test, and deploy innovative on-board technology solutions and practices has been identified as an area of priority.
Current research includes the collision avoidance effectiveness of wireless communication of safety information between heavy vehicles and light vehicles; cost-effective, after-market stability control systems for both tractor and trailer-only systems; identification of trailer characteristics from within the tractor in a cost-effective and reliable manner; and the development of driver management tools.
New transformative technology addresses vehicle automation for freight movements on motorways. This could allow highly reduced driver workload, more flexible working hours for drivers, and large safety improvements. Much work related to this has been carried out over the past 10 years, with very targeted near-market technology demonstrations conducted in the beginning of 2016 by the Dutch Government as part of their European Union presidency; similar activities are also developing and expanding in the United States and in Japan.
This ITF Roundtable covers the following specific issues:
- What CMV-specific technologies for automation exist, covering different platooning (two or more vehicles) concepts and full automation?
- What are specific implications of the range of technology options on infrastructure requirements and human factors?
- In what way can such a system interact with both manually operated passengers cars and manually operated CMVs that are not part of such a scheme?
- How can the potential wider societal and economic benefits be locked in, without risking other additional negative effects (e.g. multiple trucks close together at merging areas)?
- How do these systems need to be regulated in order to allow safe operation; should this be driven by industry or should governments assist development
- What are the policy implications of heavy vehicle automation in order to ensure safe operation; how are liability, security and privacy concerns being addressed?