The Future of Passenger Mobility and Goods Transport in Estonia
This report reviews strategic planning in Estonia’s transport sector to support the development of a Transport and Mobility Master Plan 2021-30 for Estonia. It assesses ten key aspects of transport policy with recommendations for reform. The impact of selected proposed reforms are examined under different scenarios modelled for this study.
- Do the analysis before making decisions, build transport modelling capacity to support policy making, and communicate progress with easily interpreted performance indicators.
- Reform the institutional structure behind transport policy making. Concentrate strategic planning in one place, create a focus on efficiency incentives, and support independence in decision-making.
- Integrate the results of risk analysis into decision-making during project development.
- Upgrade the infrastructure procurement system comprehensively.
- Adopt a cautious and strategic approach to the use of Public-Private Partnerships for transport projects.
- Extend user charging for transport infrastructure, establishing incentives for sustainable mobility and transport system efficiency.
- Greater reliance on user charging in conjunction with the institutional reforms will help ensure maintenance and procurement efficiency and unlock new infrastructure financing possibilities.
- Develop rail freight on north-south links with emphasis on intermodal containers.
- Estonia should not pursue a strategy to become a regional transport hub.