Transport and Covid-19: responses and resources

Decarbonising Pathways for Urban Mobility in Uzbekistan

The national study for Uzbekistan, “Decarbonising Pathways for Tashkent’s Urban Mobility” focuses on improvements in the public transport sector to achieve decarbonisation objectives for the capital city, Tashkent. It is comprised of four parts.

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The project’s first part focused on studying the urban mobility context of Tashkent. The ITF engaged with relevant stakeholders in Uzbekistan through a fact-finding mission to map existing transport policies and mobility plans for Tashkent. Data collection was conducted for constructing a city-specific database and preparing for a subsequent quantitative assessment.

The dynamism of Uzbekistan’s capital city has put pressure on its transport system. The demographic growth and increased purchasing power resulted in higher congestion and poorer air quality. Despite the substantial investment in metro infrastructure, the transport system lacks integration and unified governance at the metropolitan level.

Second, the project team developed an urban mobility improvement plan for Tashkent. The goal was to set out a development strategy for a low-carbon and integrated urban mobility system in Tashkent. The plan aims to increase the share of sustainable transport modes, bring socio-environmental benefits by reducing congestion, CO2 emissions, transport costs, and travel times, and improving accessibility.

Third, the ITF conducted a quantitative assessment of decarbonising pathways for Tashkent. The existing ITF urban transport model was refined to accommodate city-specific data and construct a tailored tool for Tashkent. In co-operation with Uzbek partners, the ITF team designed three scenarios for the future of mobility in Tashkent. The Baseline scenario reflects no policy action being taken to influence transport development. The Current Policy scenario takes into account the implementation of planned and committed policies. The Climate Ambition scenario assumes that planned measures are enhanced and implemented earlier while additional actions are taken to further decarbonise passenger mobility.

The model projects CO2 emissions up to 2050 under these scenarios. It allows to assess the efficiency of specific policy measures and different combinations to find the most suited policy package. This analysis provides justification for the actions recommended in the improvement plan.

The final part of this project involved disseminating best practices for low-carbon transport systems. The ITF organised several events with the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Uzbekistan to present Tashkent’s urban mobility improvement plan and the identified decarbonisation strategies among relevant stakeholders in Uzbekistan and Central Asia.

This project is part of the Sustainable Infrastructure Programme in Asia (SIPA).