Safety and Regulatory Reform of Railways
Does deregulation reduce rail safety? Many countries have envisaged or implemented pro-competitive regulatory reforms of their rail sectors. Concerns have been voiced regarding the impact of these reforms on rail safety performance, especially in cases of reforms that have privatised or deregulated state ownership and control of railways.
This report addresses these concerns with a detailed investigation of pre- and post- reform rail safety data in countries where complete and comparable data exists.